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Six Precepts of Judaism



The word tzedakah (Hebrew: צדקה) comes from the Hebrew word tzedek, meaning ‘righteousness or justice’. It is the Hebrew word for the acts that we call “charity” in English: giving aid, assistance and money to the poor and needy or to other worthy causes.


Torah (Hebrew: תורה), refers to The Torah, or Jewish Written Law, and consists of the five books of the Hebrew Bible which define the relationship between the Torah and the Jewish nation.


Jewish prayer (Hebrew: תְּפִלָּה, tefillah for prayer in general. The Hebrew root means ‘to think, entreat, judge, intercede’, and the reflexive means ‘to judge oneself”, and ‘to pray’.


Mishpocha (Hebrew: משפחה‎, “Family”) a Jewish family or social unit including close and distant relatives.


The Hebrew word mitzvah meaning “commandment”, מִצְוָה, plural מִצְווֹת mitzvot “command” refers to precepts and commandments commanded by G-d.


Israel יִשְׂרָאֵל Yisra’el From the Hebrew name meaning “G-d contended”: refers to the Hebrew people, past, present, and future, regarded as the chosen people of G-d by virtue of the covenant of Jacob and the land that He gave them.